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WHAT IS FRACKING? AND WHY ENDANGER THE UNITED KINGDOM?

U.K. Proposes to Frack One-Half of Great Britain

UK No Fracking Allowed

UK No Fracking Allowed
Demonstrators Hold-Placards-Protest by Green 400 Magazine

What is hydraulic fracturing?

Fracking (aka, hydraulic fracturing or industrial gas drilling) is a dangerous way of getting oil and gas and a shortsighted energy strategy. It’s poisoning our air and water and on its way to jeopardizing the health of millions of Americans and people all across the globe.

Since the United States started fracking, here is their governments definition of this dangerous practice. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) hydraulic fracturing is a process to stimulate a natural gas, oil, or geothermal energy well to maximize the extraction. The technique of hydraulic fracturing is used to increase the rate at which fluids, such as petroleum, water, or natural gas can be recovered from subterranean natural reservoirs. Reservoirs are typically porous sand-stones, lime-stones or dolomite rocks, but also include “unconventional reservoirs” such as shale rock or coal beds. Hydraulic fracturing enables the production of natural gas and oil from rock formations deep below the earth’s surface (generally 5,000–20,000 feet (1,500–6,100 m), which is typically greatly below groundwater reservoirs of basins if present.

UNITED KINGDOM~STAND UP FOR YOUR RIGHTS!
U.K. Proposes to Frack One-Half of Great Britain

As the rapid expansion of fracking in the U.S. has led to a growing chorus of concerned voices about the potential health and environmental repercussions of this activity, news has surfaced that the European Union (EU) is taking significant steps toward preventing fracking in Europe.

However, in a conversation with Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk, British Prime Minister David Cameron confirmed that he will work to ensure that fracking comes to Europe.

This acknowledgement comes at a time when the EU is debating strengthening its carbon-trading system. The EU has recently moved to delay the selling of 900 million carbon allowances, which is likely to raise the prices of carbon allowances by 10 to 15 percent.

The withholding of carbon allowances—which is a publicly-tradable certificate that “offsets” or pays for the carbon dioxide a company releases into the atmosphere, with each certificate representing a metric ton of the gas—is thought to raise the prices on energy production, as companies must spend more to control their emissions.

Cameron’s comments come on the heels of the EU deciding it won’t regulate fracking on the European continent. The European Commission, based in Brussels, has previously moved to introduce new regulations that would control the environmental impact the drilling may have. Buoyed by France, which has banned fracking within its borders since 2011, concerns of contamination to the continent’s shared watersheds and the possibility of induced earthquakes have forced commissioners to take seriously this relatively new and dangerous technology.

However,lobbying from the UK and various fracking companies have convinced EU President Jose Manuel Barroso that a “hands-off” approach is best.

“I was just very worried that while we are already behind on fracking and unconventional gas compared to America, we would fall even further behind if we had more legal processes to go through,” Cameron said after the EU’s reconsideration. “So it’s a good step forward. It could mean 70,000 jobs or more for people in the UK as well as helping to keep the bills of individuals down, but also helping to make us more competitive as a location for investment.

“We’ve got to follow through on that and now make sure that this industry can really go ahead,” Cameron said.

Chasing Shale Gas in Great Britain

Currently, shale gas extraction is regulated under 17 EU regulations, with the member states having autonomy over how to enforce the legislation. In the UK, rising energy costs have proven to be a cantankerous issue ahead of the 2015 general elections. While the rising price of energy has been a matter of concern—particularly, in light of an abnormally cold winter and tightened carbon trading—anti-fracking protests and outcries from a number of communities have led a number of Tory MPs to fear that their seats may be in danger should fracking be approved in the country.

According to UK government-commissioned report, the government is planning to permit as many as 2,800 wells to be drilled. Every English county—with the exception of Cornwall—will receive a well, with the local communities being promised at least $164,730 in benefits per well. Government estimates project that at peak fracking will satisfy one-fifth of the UK’s gas demand and create as many as 32,000 jobs, but at what cost to the British people?

Among the areas that have been offered to fracking companies as potential well sites are several national parks, a large number of “areas of outstanding natural beauty,” and several sites deemed of “international importance” for conservationists.

Below, click on the words “The Big Picture” to take you to a map of what is to become of England’s pristine countryside.

THE BIG PICTURE

So far, 176 “license” areas have been allocated to the drilling companies, mostly around Lancashire, Cheshire, Yorkshire and Sussex. The proposed sites stretch from the south of Scotland to the Southern English coast and represent approximately two-thirds of England or one-half of Great Britain.

The oil and gas companies will be allowed to apply in a licensing round to commence in the summer. The companies will be required to secure a series of planning and environmental permits, however, prior to drilling.

“We have seen the enormous impact that shale gas extraction in the States has had on its economy, both on household bills and industrial prices. It has had a strong impact there and it has the potential to have an impact here,” said Michael Fallon, the U.K. energy minister. “It will reduce our dependence on liquid natural gas. We import over half our gas at the moment and we face the prospect of having to import 70 percent of our gas by 2030 if we haven’t found any shale by then.”

“If we do find shale that will obviously reduce our dependence on those imports and reduce our dependence on wholesale gas prices,” Fallon continued. “That in turn will be good for the economy.”
According to a government-commissioned report, the government is planning to permit as many as 2,800 wells to be drilled. Cuadrilla fracking site in the Bowland Basin near Blackpool, England.
Differing Views:

Throughout the continent, there seems to be few shared opinions on fracking. Germany, under Angela Merkel, has increased drilling and extraction to such a high degree that fracking is logistically impossible in the country.

German People Against Fracking Green 400 Magazine

German People Against Fracking
Green 400 Magazine

The German coalition agreement read:

According to available studies on its environmental relevance, the fracking technology in unconventional natural gas production—particularly in shale gas production—is a technology with enormous potential risks. The effects on humans, nature and the environment are scientifically not yet sufficiently clarified. Drinking water and health have absolute priority for us.

We reject the use of environmentally toxic substances in the application of fracking technology for exploration and extraction of unconventional natural gas deposits. A request for approval can only be decided upon when the necessary data basis for evaluation exists and is clarified beyond doubt that any adverse change in water quality can be ruled out.

Poland, on the other hand, is aggressively tapping its reserves—thought to be the largest on the continent. This presents a host of problems: Poland is one of Europe’s most-densely populated nations with a large agricultural base. The nation’s water supply was already under pressure before fracking. Questions about the drilling’s massive water use have raised concerns that Poland will be pulled into drought conditions or that leaked fracking fluids can poison a large population quickly.

Polish Flag Aggressive Green 400 Magazine

Polish Flag Aggressive
Green 400 Magazine

However, the prospect of Polish gas relieving the EU’s dependency on Russian gas has convinced the Eastern European nation to push on despite the risks. Russia currently provides the EU with 25 percent of its natural gas.

California and “Safe Fracking”

As Europe embraces the American fracking model, the U.S. is starting to deal with the long-term implications of the technology. After a series of Associated Press reports highlighting Southern California offshore oil and gas companies discharging fracking chemicals into the ocean, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has introduced new rules requiring well operators to report the release of any chemicals into the waterways.

The reports found that the well discharged the chemicals without an environmental impact analysis, without public disclosure and with little or no oversight. State regulators ruled separately that California oil companies must test the groundwater and alert local landowners prior to the starting of any fracking or well stimulation activity. In addition, the companies must disclose all chemicals used during fracking and acquire permits prior to a fracking job.

For many, the notion that the oil and gas companies are hiding what they are doing begs the question of just how safe fracking truly is.

“The EPA’s rule will provide some information about the toxic fracking chemicals dumped into our ocean, but it relies on oil companies to be honest and transparent in their self-reporting,” said Miyoko Sakashita, senior attorney at the Center for Biological Diversity.

These regulations are scheduled to go into effect in 2015.
Below is a series of video’s that explains in great detail the dangers to our environment and to all who inhabit the world.

To help the people of the United Kingdom and England, please follow the link below to sign the petition to keep fracking out of the U.K.

Thank you, Green 400 Magazine

http://www.letbritaindecide.com/


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What in the Name of Peace is Going On?

What in the Name of Peace is Going On?
By Nicolya Christi – April, 2013

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Waking Up

The recent headline events to have unfolded in the US reveal a deeper sociological unease emerging in the wider public domain, fueled by an increasing lack of trust and growing suspicion in our governments, political institutions, government aligned media, military and police forces and a flawed global authority system which is revealing itself to be fundamentally corrupt – a system that deceives and attacks the very people it is supposed to protect and serve.

Social media networks and Internet sites abound with conspiracy theories (or facts, as may be the case) of the latest controversial inconsistencies in government/media accounts of so called “terrorist activities/attacks”, or ‘disasters’ and ‘tragedies’ such as the recent occurrences in Boston, West – Texas, Sandy Ridge, Connecticut, 9/11 New York and 7/7 London to name but a few, leading us to ask the question “What in the name of peace is going on?”

We are on the tipping point of waking up to the fact that a dysfunctional global authority system with a covert agenda is an unpalatable reality. An agenda that becomes evermore evident with each “terrorist” or “major community disaster” headline that unfolds. The recent events in the US beg the question just what is really going on?

Humanity continues to unconsciously and unquestionably collude with sanitized government controlled media accounts of such events, because the potential reality of what is really occurring behind the scenes is just too incredulous to believe.

We have traded our humanity and our autonomy for an anonymity that promises ‘safety’ in ignorance. However, we are slowly beginning to wipe the sleep from our eyes to recognize that such a trade off does not alleviate fear, but merely serves to suppress it and distract us from a less than altruistic government agenda

The Great Lie

Humanity is awakening to the fact that it is living under an illusion, that it is the victim of a Great Lie that has been spun by those in positions of great power today. Now, as we seek the truth of what is really going on we find ourselves called to publicly question and challenge those systems and people who weave the web that we are caught in.

We passively accept news coverage of so called ‘terrorist attacks’ and local community ‘tragedies/disasters’ as reported by the majority of colluding mainstream media, failing to recognize that these reports are riddled with flaws, contradictions, inaccuracies and inconsistencies, thus giving rise to a wave of conspiracy theories shared by those who refuse to passively collude.

A Wake Up Call

A wake up call is being heard across the world as a dawning realization slowly comes to awareness that we are supporting a system that continues to fail not only humanity, but also all life forms on Earth and the Earth itself.

It is fear that cautions people not to raise their heads above the parapet because they have little confidence or experience when it comes to empowering themselves in the face of what amounts to nothing less than an overwhelming, self serving and sinister agenda of those in control of our lives and future, both politically and economically.

We are living in unprecedented times that call for unprecedented measures. Never before has there been so much widely circulated evidence to expose the true agendas of those ‘in power’.

People are afraid to raise their voices and to become visible in protest. Instead they repress fear, anger, outrage and disbelief, along with a sense of powerlessness, complaining behind the safety of closed doors and then losing themselves in a consumerist culture cleverly established by those in power to distract and anesthetize the masses.

We are pawns in a carefully constructed culture established by visible governments, faceless multi-national conglomerates and non-visible power brokers with an invested interest in ensuring that their agenda is met, at all costs.

We are conditioned by a system that brainwashes us into believing that conspiracy is the stuff of fantasy and novels, of television and films, and to a certain degree this holds true. However, there is also a strong case for those intelligent conspiracy theories to be taken seriously as warnings and revelations as to what is really going on. We are led to believe that such carefully researched conspiracies belong in the domain of those deemed “sensationalist” or who are labeled “political reactionaries”, thus ensuring that their so called “unbalanced rants” continue to go unheard by the masses.

The time is upon us to deeply examine just what in the name of peace is really going on. To do so may amount to nothing less than our lives being irrevocably turned inside out and upside down, yet we need, we must, extricate ourselves from our passive collusion and wake up to the reality of what will unfold if we continue to bury our heads in the sand.

Human consciousness is evolving to a level that reminds us that violent protest, revolt and uprisings, in order to bring down a globally corrupt system, can and will fail. Gandhi taught us well; “An eye for an eye and the whole world is blind.”

We recognize that we can no longer react, yet must instead rise to the Evolutionary Call of the times that urges us to respond appropriately and speedily.

There have been countless protests and revolutions throughout the centuries. However few, if any, have resulted in lasting peace. We now find ourselves in a time of revelation unlike any other. How do we register our discontent and engage in conscious non-participation in a non-violent manner when going up against the might of established political and economical authorities, both nationally and internationally?

Let us make no mistake. We find ourselves facing what amounts to nothing less than a critical situation. In the name of peace we are called to engage in compassionate action and to publicly challenge a level of world dominance and control on such a scale as to pose a calamitous threat to humanity and the Earth.

Let’s tell it how it is – in the western world, and indeed the world over, nations are rapidly heading towards ‘police-military’ state control by government dictatorship whose sole agenda is to imprison the masses in a system that benefits the elite few, rather than the many.

Deep in our hearts we are aware of the fact that the only protest that will ever prove catalytic and effective for change is a globally unified campaign of non-participation that consciously challenges all and anything that stands as a threat to human rights, the rights of all sentient beings and the rights of the Earth.

We are in the Chaos Window and this is the moment of the rise or fall of humanity. We stand upon the threshold of the greatest opportunity – an opportunity that identifies that ultimately it is we who decide if humanity will rise or fall.

Standing together as a unified force in the name of peace and truth does not constitute or amount to revolution, nor does it label us as revolutionaries. This is the 21st Century with a degree of conscious evolution that marks us out less as revolutionaries and more as evolutionaries, with re-evolution towards a peaceful and sustainable world as a shared vision.

Evolutionaries we are and evolutionaries we must be if we are to literally save the world, not only for ourselves, but also for the generations to follow. Through peaceful, non-violent means we must let our courage be stronger than our fear if we are ever to effectively challenge and positively transform every level of society; political, social, economical and environmental.

The great and good of the past; Gandhi, Martin Luther King, John F Kennedy to name but a few, along with those great inspirations who are still among us; H.H The Dalai Lama, Nelson Mandela, Bishop Tutu, Thich Nhat Hanh, Aung San Suu Kyi and many, many more stand with us. These wise souls know that it is only through appropriate and peaceful action en-masse that we can begin to bring an end to all authoritarian regimes that left to their own devices will amount to nothing less than the ultimate take-over of humanity and all life on Earth. Paraphrasing the words of Noam Chomsky from a recent speech, ”Future historians, if there are any, would be searching for answers as to how the wealthiest of humanity at this time ran, not walked, the world into civilizational catastrophe with eyes wide open for what appeared to be the sole interests of their personal profits and gain, not even considering the fate of their own children and grandchildren.”

Evolve or Devolve – The Critical Juncture

Humanity has reached a critical juncture – we must evolve from a ‘for profit’ global consumerist matrix, or we will devolve into oblivion.

What stands between humanity and world peace is that too few of us are aligned and unified in ‘right action’. We must join together in peaceful yet uncompromising protest if we are to avoid a catastrophic outcome on an inconceivable scale that will be felt for millennia to come.

The impact of chemtrails, GMO, fracking, the fluoridation and privatization of water, the ban and criminalization of natural remedies, the pollution and destruction of the Earth regardless of the consequences because of the materialistic agendas of global conglomerates for ever increasing profits, and the imprisonment and marginalization of so many of those who dare to challenge political, economic and social agendas and policies and the reality of the abuse of the rights of humans, animals and the Earth, urge us to make a peaceful stand for a sustainable and beneficial outcome on every level for all of humanity and the Earth.

We need to wake up to the reality of what is really going on in terms of covert agendas and false flag operations, and the fact that the real terrorists are the very people that we are voting into the highest echelons of power along with those who remain unseen who pull the strings behind them. We vote in ignorance and are complacent in our capacity to act responsibly and more fully inform ourselves of the facts and behind the scenes reality before we sign away our rights, along with those of the Earth.

Gandhi revealed a way when he inspired millions across the vast country that was India to unite in peaceful and non-violent protest against the might of the British Empire. Millions of people united in sustained peaceful, non-participation in protest of a corrupt system is the worst fear of those in power.

What We Can Immediately Begin To Do

Resist consumerism. Refuse to buy or eat anything other than organic and non-GMO. Sign petitions to stop chemtrails. Support organizations such as Avaaz.org. Snap out of a (false) sense of security regarding ‘homeland security’. Extricate yourself from the web of delusion that is spun by those who impose and maintain a dysfunctional system to benefit the few, rather than the many.

Inform yourself by researching and reading what are often deemed to be conspiracy theories, yet are more often conspiracy facts. Discernment is important so check and follow associated links and read comments in relation to posts and information wherever you encounter such. Read the same stories from many different and respected sources and perspectives until you are able to distil the most likely truth.

Connect with those in your community of like heart and like mind. Begin to involve yourself actively with causes, campaigns and any activity that resonates with your commitment to support the manifestation of a peaceful and sustainable world. Remember, one seemingly small and independent action when combined with millions of others becomes one giant act by and for the Collective. Commit to supporting and getting involved with on-line and local ‘better world initiatives’ such as Change.org, Oxfam, Greenpeace, MedMob, Survival International, Occupy, etc.

Be mindful of your regular shopping purchases and trace them back to their source and be interested in just what processes were involved to bring these to your table. There are infinite actions you can take to begin to empower yourself to no longer participate in a dysfunctional system with a distorted agenda. As Bob Marley sang, “Get up, stand up. Stand up for your rights”. It is time to wake up.

You Choose

Ervin Laszlo wrote; “It has been said that our generation is the first in history that can decide whether it’s the last in history. We need to add that our generation is also the first in history that can decide whether it will be the first generation of a new phase in history. We have reached a watershed in our social and cultural evolution.”

Until we withdraw from consumerism, materialism and escapism and instead, unify in peace, human by human, village by village, town by town, city by city and nation by nation, we will continue to condemn our lives, the lives of our children and our children’s children to a cancerous future perpetuated by global authoritarian systems that will consume and destroy the very heart of the individual, Nature, humanity and the Earth.

Unified synchronistic peaceful resistance, compassionate action and non participation are the only way forward if we are to save ourselves, humanity and the Earth from the jaws of a global monster that will consume us whole.

Use any and all non-violent means to resist anything that is an affront to personal and world peace. We must stand together, side by side, in peaceful protest and non-participation.

We can no longer leave the legacy of a peaceful world for generations to come to ‘world leaders’. The reality is that our ‘leaders’ have no interest in creating a sustainable and peaceful world.

Gandhi’s lasting legacy and greatest gift to humanity was and is ‘Passive Resistance’. He proved the power of unifying en-masse in peaceful protest.

This is the only way now.

We are almost out of time.

Nicolya Christi – April 2013.
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